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Poker Glossary


Aces Full

A full house with three aces and any pair.


A five-card hand that contains one Ace, with no straight or flush or a hand with no pair in it.

Aces Up

A hand that contains two pairs, one of which is Aces.


Checking/Betting/Raising. A game in which players are playing a lot of pots is considered an “action” game.

Active Player

Any player who is still in the hand.


A purchase of more chips (optional) at the end of the re-buy period in a tournament.


When a player bets all his/her chips.: In online poker, you may be deemed “All-in” when you are disconnected (even if you have chips remaining).


Money placed in the pot before the hand is begun.



Any of the four non-aces needed for the lowest possible hand (2, 3, 4, 5).

Back Raise

A re-raise from a player who originally called a bet on the same street.

Bad Beat

When a hand is beaten by a lucky draw.


The player who takes care of the game’s chips and money matters.


The amount of money a player has specifically set aside for playing poker.


To place chips into the pot.

Bet the Pot

When a player bets the amount of the pot.

Betting Round

In poker, a “Betting Round” occurs when players bet, fold, raise or call after a street has been dealt. The “Betting Round” gets completed when the last eligible player acts.


A straight that is A-2-3-4-5.

Big Blind

A designated amount that is placed by the player sitting in the second position, clockwise from the dealer, before any cards are dealt. (Players joining a game in progress must post a Big Blind, but may do so from any position.)

Big Slick

A hand that contains an A-K.


The bet(s) that must be made by the two players sitting directly to the dealer’s left which will start the action on the first round of betting. The blinds are posted before any cards are dealt. (A “Blind” bet is one that is made in the dark without looking at your cards.) Blind Raise When a player raises without looking at his hand.


To make other players believe that one has a better hand than he/she might otherwise have by betting or raising when they do not have the best hand.

Board cards

The cards that are dealt face-up in a poker game for all players to see.


Full House.

Bottom Pair

When a player uses the lowest card on the flop to make a pair with one of his own cards.


Short for Bankroll.


An Ace high straight (A-K-Q-J-10).


A pair of Aces.


To raise.


The act of discarding the top card prior to dealing.

Bust / Busted

To lose all of your chips in play.


Also known as the dealer button, it is a small round disk that is moved from player to player in a clockwise direction following each hand, to theoretically indicate the dealer of each hand.


The minimum amount of money required by a player to sit down in a particular poker game.



When a player chooses to match the previous bet.

Call Cold

To call both a bet and raise(s).

Calling Station

A passive player who calls a lot, but doesn’t raise or fold much.


To take the last of the maximum amount of raises allowed per round of betting.


The room or space in a casino where poker is played.


Chips A player’s last chips.

Cash Out

To leave a game and convert your chips to cash.


When it’s a player’s turn to act and there has been no action in front of them and he opts not to bet, he “checks.”


When a player first checks and then raises in a betting round.


A gaming token used to represent real money, or tournament money, on the poker table.


To return the blinds to the players who posted them and move on to the next hand if no other players call. It also means to “split the pot”.


When two or more players conspire to cheat in a poker game.

Community Cards

Cards that are face-up and used by all players.


Two Kings.


Dead Man’s Hand

Two pair – Aces and Eights (Wild Bill Hickock was shot in the back while playing this hand).

Down Card

Hole cards. Cards that are dealt face down.

Doyle Brunson

It’s a Holdem hand consisting of a 10-2 (Brunson won the world championship two years in a row on the final hand with these cards).




A pair of Twos.


A pair of Twos.


Early Position

Position on a round of betting where the player must act before most of the other players at the table. (It’s considered the two positions located to the left of the Blinds.


Face Card

Cards with the rank J, Q or K (they have a picture with a face on them). Also known as paint.

Fifth Street

Also known as the “river” card. In flop games, this represents the fifth community card on the table and the final round of betting.


A fish is someone who does not really know how to play poker well. Usually, the fish loses a lot of money because he/she would call bets with weak hands or is unable to play hands well.

Flat Call

Calling a bet without raising. Flop In Hold’em and Omaha, the first three community cards that are dealt face-up in the center of the table all at one time. The “flop” also indicates the second round of betting.

Flop Games

Poker games (Hold ’em and Omaha) that are played using community cards that are dealt face up in the center of the table.

Flush Draw

When a player has four cards in his hand of the same suit and is hoping to draw a fifth to make a flush.


To throw your hand away when it’s your turn to act.

Forced Bet

A required bet that starts the action on the first round of a poker hand.

Four of a Kind

Four cards of the same number or face value (“quads”).

Fourth Street

In flop games, it is the fourth community card dealt (also known as “the turn”) and represents the third round of betting.


A chance to win something at no risk or cost.

Full House

Any three cards of the same number or face value, plus any other two cards of the same number or face value.


Gut Shot

To draw to and/or hit an inside straight.



A player’s best five cards.

Head(s) Up

When there are only two players left in the hand they are said to be Head(s) Up.


To decide the first dealer in the flop tournaments each user is dealt a single card and the player with the highest card (based on the card and the suit order – of spades, hearts, diamonds & clubs) becomes the theoretical dealer.


Split pot games

Hold ’em

Also known as Texas Hold ’em, where the players get two down cards and five community cards.

Hole Cards

These are the Down Cards in front of the players.


The casino or cardroom that is hosting the poker game.


Inside Straight

Four cards which require another between the top and the bottom card to complete a straight. Players who catch this card make an Inside Straight.


Jackpot Poker

A form of poker in which the cardroom or casino offers a jackpot to a player who has lost with a really big hand (usually Aces full or better).

Jacks-or- Better

A form of poker in which a player needs to have at least a pair of jacks to open the betting.


Keep Them Honest

To call at the end of a hand to prevent someone from bluffing.

Key Card

A card that gives you a big draw or makes your hand.

Key Hand

In a session or tournament, the one hand that ends up being a turning point for the player, either for better or worse.


The highest unpaired side card in a players’ hand.


It Raise..

Kill Pot

A method to stimulate action. It is a forced bet by someone who has just won a pot(s).




A hand that contains a K-J.



Two Queens.

Late Position

Position on a round of betting where the player must act after most of the other players have acted (usually considered to be the two positions next to the button).

Lay Down

Your Hand When a player folds.


The first player to bet into a pot.

Limit Poker

A game that has fixed minimum and maximum betting intervals along with a prescribed number of raises.


The first player who calls a bet.

Limp In

To enter the pot by calling rather than raising. (The usual concept of “Limp In” is when the first person to speak just calls the Big Blind.)

Live Blind

An instance where the player puts in a dark bet and is allowed to raise, even if no other player raises. It’s also known as an “option”.


Is a player who plays a lot of hands.


Main Pot

The center pot. Any other bets are placed in a side pot(s) and are contested among the remaining players. This occurs when a player(s) goes all-in.


To make the deck is to shuffle the deck.


A very aggressive player who plays a lot of hands.

Middle Pair

In flop games, when a player makes a pair with one of his/her down cards and the middle card on the flop.

Middle Position

Somewhere between the early and late positions on a round of betting (the fifth, sixth and seventh seats to the left of the button).


To discard or throw away your hand. It’s also a pile of cards that are no longer in play.

Minimum Buy-In

The least amount you can start a game with.


A very big hand. In a tournament, a player who begins to accumulate chips after having a small stack is considered to be a monster.



A game where players can bet as much as they like (as long as they have it in front of them) on any round of betting.


The best possible hand at any point of the game. A hand that cannot be beaten.



The probability of making a hand vs. the probability of not making a hand.


Cards of a different suit.


A game in which each player is dealt four down cards with five community cards. To make your hand, you must play two cards from your hand and three from the board.


To make the first bet.

Open-ended Straight

Four consecutive cards whereby one additional (consecutive) card is needed at either end to make a straight.

Open Card

A card that is dealt face-up. Open Pair A pair that has been dealt face-up.


An option is a Live Blind made in the dark before the cards are dealt. If no one raises, the “option” player may raise the pot.

Out Button

A disc placed in front of a player who wishes to sit out a hand(s) but remain in the game.



Face or picture cards (Jack, Queen and King).


Two cards of the same face or number value.


To fold.

Pay Off

To call on the final round of betting when you may or may not think you have the best hand.

Pay Station

A player who rarely folds; someone who frequently calls when his opponents have better hands and keeps losing.

Picture Cards

Face cards (Jack, Queen and King).

Play Back

To raise or re-raise another player’s bet.

Playing the Board

In flop games when your best five-card hand is all five of the community cards.


The down cards or hole cards.

Pocket Rockets

A pair of Aces in the pocket or hole.


Where a player is seated in relation to the dealer, therefore establishing that player’s place in the betting order.


When you post a bet, you place your chips in the pot. (You must post the Blinds.)


The money or chips in the center of a table that players try to win.

Pot Limit

This is a game where the maximum bet can equal the pot.

Pot Odds

The ratio of total size of the pot to the size of bet you must call to continue.


When the dealer pushes the chips to the winning player at the end of a hand. It’s also when dealers rotate to other tables.

Put Down

To fold a hand.

Premium Hands

In poker, “premium” hands are the strongest possible hands.



Four of a kind.


In High-Low games, it is a requirement the Low hand must meet to win the pot.


To divide half a pot between two tying hands in split pot games. This is Applicable to Omaha Hi-Lo Poker.



A tray that holds 100 poker chips in five stacks of twenty chips each.


The rim of a poker table or a barrier outside a poker area.


Someone who hangs around a poker room who watches the games and/or is looking to get into action.


To increase the previous bet.


Chips taken from the pot by the cardroom for compensation for hosting the game.


The value of each card and hand.


When a player knocks on the table indicating that he/she has checked.


To take money or chips off the table during play.


To raise a raise.

Ring Game

A “live” game that is not a tournament.


This is the last card given in all games. In Hold’em and Omaha, it is also known as 5th street.

Round of Betting

This is when players have the opportunity to bet, check or raise. Each round of betting ends when the last bet or raise has been called.


Guys who hustle for a living. This is also the name of a popular poker movie starring Matt Damon and Ed Norton.


A very tight player who plays nothing but the best of hands.

Royal Flush

This is an Ace high straight (A-K-Q-J-10) of the same suit. It is the best possible hand in poker.



It is a mini-tournament to gain an entry into a larger tournament.


To win the entire pot.

Seating List

A waiting list. A player would put his or her name on this list if there were no seats at the table at which they wish to play.

Second Pair

In flop games, when you pair the second highest card on the board.


To call.


At the end of the final betting round, it’s when all active players turn their cards faceup to see who has won the pot.


A very good, highly skilled player.

Short Call

Call a bet with not enough money on the table and start an all-in side pot.


The player with the least amount of chips at the table, or in the tournament.


The time to evaluate the winning hand after all betting is complete on the river.

Side Pot

A separate pot(s) which is contested by remaining active players when one or more players are all-in.


A fairly tight player (and reasonably good).

Small Blind

The amount put in the pot by the person immediately to the left of the dealer “button” prior to the cards being dealt.

Speed Limit

A pair of fives.

Split Pot

A pot which is shared by two or more players because they have equivalent hands.


A pile of chips.


The amount of a player’s BUY-IN, or the amount of money they are willing to play with in a given session.


When a player remains in the game by calling rather than raising.

Steel Wheel

A five high straight (A-2-3-4-5) of the same suit.


A straddle is a Blind bet which is usually double the size of the Big Blind (and that player may raise when the action gets to him).


A variant of poker in which each player receives their own 7 cards, three of them dealt face down.


Five consecutive cards of any suit.

Straight Flush

Five consecutive cards of the same suit.


The limits put on the blinds/ante, bets, and raises in any particular game.


A player who is losing in a game.


Table Stakes

Almost impossible to find a game which is not table stakes these days, Tables stakes means a player can only win or lose the amount of money they have in play at the beginning of the hand.

Tapped Out

Out of money.

Texas Hold’em

This is also the name for Hold’em, the most popular form of poker.

Thirty Miles

Three tens.

Three of a Kind

Three cards of the same number or face value (“trips”).

Tight Player

A player who doesn’t play many pots. A tight game is one that doesn’t have much action.


Tournament of Champions.

Top Pair

In flop games, when the player pairs one of his down cards with the highest card on board.


A pair of threes.


Three of a kind.


In flop games, this is the fourth card dealt. It is the third round of betting. Two Pair A hand consisting of two different pairs.



A person or hand who is not mathematically favored to win a pot. For instance, if you flop four cards to your flush, you are not quite a 2:1 underdog to make your flush by the river (that is, you will make your flush about one in three times). See also “dog”.

Under the Gun

Being the first person to act, being in the earliest position.

Up Card

A card that is dealt face-up.



Sticks A pair of sevens.

Wild Card

A card that can be played as any value.

Worst Hand

A losing hand.


World Series of Poker.


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